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CADPAT and MARPAT derivatives by Tounushi CADPAT and MARPAT derivatives by Tounushi
This one took a LONG while to reconstruct in vector graphics. Even longer than the hunting of sample pics across the entire web.
Anyway, I finally got a reasonably accurate CADPAT/MARPAT (they are the same pattern with different colors) reconstruction.

Ever since the pattern's introduction at the turn of the millennium, the pattern has become the defining and most used digital pattern for the commercial sector and official militaries.
As there are numerous derivatives and then some, I've included only a few of them, having the primary users and a few others.


1 Canadian CADPAT TW
2 Canadian CADPAT TW newer colors


Canadian Temperate Weight digital camouflage pattern, or CADPAT (TW). First introduced in 1996, this pattern is now employed as the standard combat uniform for all Canadian Forces.

The Temperate Woodland (TW) variant of Canadian Disruptive Pattern CADPAT is a four-colour camouflage pattern, which comprises digitally aliased areas of black, brown and dark green on a light green background. The aliasing of the colours produces a dithering effect, which effectively eliminates the boundaries between separate colours.

In studies, CADPAT (TW) was rated, by NATO soldiers, as the best temperate and tropical camouflage pattern. Indeed, when it was originally trialled in the field, CADPAT (TW) was demonstrated to be 40% more effective than the olive drab combat uniform at ranges of up to 200m.

CADPAT (TW) was accepted as a major element in the Clothe the Soldier program initiated by the Department of National Defence Canada, and began to replace the CF Combat uniform in January 2002.

3 Canadian CADPAT arctic/snow
4 American UCP
5 American UCP-Alpha trial pattern
6 American UCP-Bravo trial pattern
7 American UCP-Charlie trial pattern
8 American UCP-Delta trial pattern
9 American UCP-Echo trial pattern


In 2004, the U.S. Army finally unveiled a new uniform, the Army Combat Uniform (ACU). Set to become the standard issue for all deployed troops by April 2005, the ACU featured its own distinctive digital camouflage pattern, which was originally designated ARPAT. Inasmuch as ARPAT is a three-colour adaptation of MARPAT, which is used by the United States Marine Corps, ARPAT bears more than a passing resemblance to Canada's digital CADPAT camouflage, on which MARPAT is based.

The ARPAT prototype had a distinctly bluish colour cast. However, based upon feedback received after extensive trials, the U.S. Department of Defense made minor changes to ARPAT, which resulted in the so-called Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP). UCP comprises aliased blocks of olive grey, light brownish grey and light greyish yellowish brown.

One of the stated goals of the change from U.S. woodland pattern was to provide a camouflage uniform that is effective in all environments. However, soldiers have complained about UCP since it was first issued. In his article 'New Army uniform doesn't measure up' (Military.com, 5 April 2007), for example, Eric Coulson remarks:

The ACU in universal camouflage is just not a very attractive camouflage pattern. Admittedly that's a poor reason to choose such utilitarian clothing; especially if I was convinced that it is a highly effective pattern. But I am not.

The pixellation assists in breaking up the shape of the Soldier — particularly through night vision — but in general, it stands out against anything except a concrete wall.

Ongoing complaints about the effectiveness of UCP were finally brought to a head by a U.S. Congressional Conference report which accompanied Bill H.R. 2346: Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009. The report stated:

The conferees understand that soldiers deployed to Afghanistan have serious concerns about the current combat uniform which they indicate provides ineffective camouflage given the environment in Afghanistan. Accordingly, the conferees direct that within funding made available the Department of Defense take immediate action to provide combat uniforms to personnel deployed to Afghanistan with a camouflage pattern that is suited to the environment of Afghanistan.

The conferees further direct the Secretary of the Army to provide a report on the program plans and budgetary adjustments necessary to provide appropriate uniforms to deployed and deploying troops to Afghanistan. The report shall be submitted to the congressional defense committees by the end of fiscal year 2009.

H.R. 2346 became Public Law No. 111-32 on 24 June 2009. As a result, the U.S. Army is now undertaking a four-phased initiative to explore alternative camouflage patterns for the ACU. The objectives are to identify a camouflage pattern that provides effective concealment for soldiers serving in Operation Enduring Freedom, and to evaluate a long-term camouflage plan for the U.S. Army.


Following on the heels of the USMC, in 2004 the US Army adopted its own "digital" camouflage pattern which it termed Universal Camouflage Pattern or UCP. This is, it turns out, nothing but a recoloration of the MARPAT design. The idea behind the concept of "universal camouflage" was to issue the soldier with a single combat uniform capable of performing suitably in any environment. This would remove the need to issue specialized camouflage clothing for soldiers deployed to different geographical areas, such as urban settings, deserts or woodland/jungles. Several years of use have shown, however, that the concept is an almost universal failure, with the UCP performing poorly (or at best only "adequately") in almost every environment, and the new Army Combat Uniform (ACU) itself standing up very inadequately as a replacement for the old BDU. The Army is currently (2010) considering new options for the combat soldier, including a higher functioning camouflage pattern and more durable combat clothing.

Following several years of combat field testing in both the Iraq (OIF) and Afghanistan (OEF) theaters, the US Army and Department of Defense came to the conclusion that the UCP was not only ineffective as a "universal" camouflage pattern, but its performance was less than optimal in virtually all combat conditions being faced by soldiers. In 2008-9, as a stop-gap method, the Army issued two different camouflage patterns to selected units operating in Afghanistan. One of these, a variation of the standard UCP called UCP-Delta (UCP-D) incorporated a coyote tan color into the scheme. This pattern was tested only for approximately six months before being discarded.


The camouflage program, despite its attempted revamps (UCP-A through UCP-E) has been all but officially admitted to be a "5 billion buck blunder," returning to a program of environment-specific color schemes.

10 American MARPAT woodland
11 American MARPAT desert
12 American MARPAT urban
13 American MARPAT desert trial pattern


MARPAT (MARine PATtern) is used by the USMC - but also by other armies (eg. Bosnia and Herzegovina)

The concept of "digital camoulfage," designed using computer algorithms and incorporating pixelated shapes rather than more natural organic ones, was pioneered by the Canadian government in 1996. Impressed by statistical evidence indicating digital designs could more effectively camouflage a target than traditional organic types, and seeking a distinctive combat uniform of its own to set its Marines apart from the other US military services, the USMC sought to develop its own digital camouflage pattern. The result is the MARPAT (Marine Pattern) series of designs, adopted in 2001 (and 2005). Although the USMC has laid claim to conducting its own independent schedule of research resulting in the MARPAT camouflage, most experts in the field of camouflage design agree that in fact the they are based entirely around the original Canadian CADPAT schematic. A series of four different variations were tested, although only three were ultimately adopted by the USMC. These are: MARPAT Woodland, MARPAT Desert, MARPAT Winter, and MARPAT Urban (tested, but not adopted). One unique feature of the MARPAT series of patterns is the incorporation of a miniature USMC EGA symbol at periodic stages of the design, thus stamping the "copyright" of the US Marine Corps in these designs.

14 American NWUPAT Grey Dominant
15 American NWUPAT Blue Dominant trial pattern


On 18 October 2004, the United States Navy unveiled a set of concept working uniforms for Sailors E-1 through O-10, in response to feedback on current uniforms. The new Navy Working Uniform (NWU) is intended to replace utilities, wash khaki, coveralls, woodland green, aviation green, winter working blue and tropical working uniforms. Wear-testing of the new uniforms began in January 2005.

The Navy Working Uniform concepts encompass four variations. Each variation features a combination of different patterns, dominant colours, fabric finishes and designs.

In spite of their striking resemblance to MARPAT™, neither the NWU Digital Pattern — Dominant Blue Option nor the NWU Digital Pattern — Dominant Gray Option are meant to camouflage sailors against the background of a ship. Rather, the multiple colours on the uniforms — black, deck grey, haze grey and navy blue — are common in the maritime working environment, making them a more practical choice than solid-colour uniforms. The NWU is designed to be a working uniform, not a tactical uniform and, when sailors are working in tactical environments, they will still be outfitted with the appropriate tactical uniforms.


In 2007 the US Navy introduced its own uniform, the Navy Working Uniform (NWU), using a Navy version of the Army's UCP. The pattern is not intented to hide the personnel wearing it, but rather hide paint and oil stains making the wearer look proper and giving the US Navy its own identity. The pattern has subsequently come to be called NWU-1 (or NWU Type I), as the Navy adopted two additional camouflage patterns for personnel operating in combat theaters (see below).

16 American Navy AOR-2
17 American Navy AOR-1


Two additional US Navy patterns were adopted in 2010, for issue strictly to Navy Special Operations personnel. The patterns are intended for wear in temperate/tropical and desert/arid environments, respectively, and have come to be known as NWU-3 and NWU-2 (NWU Type 3 and Type 2) respectively. Both patterns are essentially revisitations of the original USMC MARPAT design, having a vertical (vice horizontal) orientation and a slightly varied coloration. Early trial versions of the pattern were called variously Digi 1 and 2, DG-1 and DG-2, and AOR (Area of Responsibility) 1 and 2. Although primarly intended for Navy Special Operations, the USN has indicated that NWU-3 or the temperate version of their camouflage may also be worn by Navy personnel engaged in shore-based operations, but not the NWU-2 desert variant.

18 Armenian woodland

Following a trend set by Canada, the United States and numerous other countries, Armenia has adopted a pixelated camouflage pattern for general issue to its armed forces. The pattern incorporates medium brown, olive green & black shapes on a khaki background and would appear to have applicability only in sparsely vegetated or arid regions.

19 Togolese woodland

Circa 2009-2010, Togo adopted a Chinese-made pixelated design based loosely on the USMC MARPAT camouflage. The pattern has been worn by the Para-Commando Regiment, but may be issued to other units as well.

20 Peruvian Marines

Shortly after the Army introduces its new pixelated designs, the Naval Infantry (Marines) adopted their own pixelated woodland design seen here. Based on the temperate MARPAT design of the US Marine Corps, the design varies in several ways.

21 Kazakhstani digital

Kazakhstan introduced its own digital camouflage pattern for arid regions around 2008-2009, having grey and light green shapes on a tan background.

22 Georgian woodland

The standard camouflage uniform of the Georgian Armed Forces as of 2008 is a copy of the US Marine Corps temperate MARPAT digital design. For deployments to arid or desert environments, a copy of the desert MARPAT camouflage pattern is worn. Theoretically, the pattern does not include the EGA embedded into the design.

23 Russian Sumrak commercial
24 Russian SURPAT commercial

Developed by Survival Corps, the SURPAT (SURvival PATtern) camouflage pattern is designed for use in mountainous, urban and forested areas in Russia. It is currently in use with the Police and Federal Security Service of Russia.

Introduced circa 2009-2010, SURPAT is a commercially developed pixelated pattern of black, brown and moss green on a tan background that has been used by the MVD, FSB and Presidential Security Service.

25 Russian desert digital


=====================
As said, it took a LONG time to make this. Just vectorizing the raw reconstructed tile took two weeks. Had to put Skyrim on hiatus for that... Damn draining and I need a break...

Information from camopedia.org, greyops.net and kamouflage.net
Add a Comment:
 
:icontevo77777:
Tevo77777 Mar 14, 2014  Student Artist
If I ask really nicely...Can Captain Cites-a-lot get access to like one or two tilesets?
Reply
:iconmalkrow21:
Is CADPAT Temperate Woodland really on a light green background? It looks more like a dark green background.
Reply
:icontounushi:
Depends on how you define "background."
Some define it as the "color layer with the largest features," while others as "most complex color layer."
Reply
:iconmalkrow21:
I define it as the main color of the pattern with the pattern itself being placed upon.
Reply
:iconmadcomputerscientist:
madcomputerscientist Sep 27, 2012  Professional Artist
Fantastic job!
I was going to post a version with just a couple of variations, but wow, this is way higher quality and more comprehensive!

One small quibble, and that's that the NWU type II, the desert one, should be oriented horizontally instead of vertically, though the NWU type III is vertical. (ref: [link] )
Reply
:iconpip-pip-rah:
mother of fuck
Reply
:icontounushi:
========================EDIT========================
Redid the UCP color schemes, thanks to ~LoyaltyToTheEnd's info on the official RGB color codes on the vanilla UCP.
Reply
:iconloyaltytotheend:
Wow, this is a lot of work! I congratulate you for that!
I have one problem though about the UCP color description. "olive grey, light brownish grey an\d light greyish yellowish brown." You must be on crack to think that, no offense. I see soldiers and cadets (i am also a cadet) wear ACUs (official not some cheap knock-offs) with the UCP pattern almost every single day. I can tell you that they are not really what you say they are. The colors for UCP is more of a light beach sand, a bluish light sage green, and a dark grey with a very small tint of green in it. Overall the colors are GREY with two color slightly bias toward the color green and one with a really small tint of red/yellow. The UCP pattern's colors would be more vivid if it wasn't made on a 50/50 nylon cotton blend. The color inks don't fully get into
materials such as nylon which results in a lighter and duller look to the colors of the camo.

Also, the light beach sand is so light that it darkens on the first wash! If you were to get it dirty from a day's worth of work out on the field then it would permanently darken the color even more and give it more of a pink tint in certain lighting conditions.

I would like to know where you got your source for the UCP colors. Actual samples of UCP on ACU, pics on the net or a certain website? Websites like kamouflage.net do not have accurate colors for UCP.
Reply
:icontounushi:
That's what it read on camopedia.org. Take it up with them.

Also the colors did come from kamouflage.net: [link]
They say they used a color scanner. On screen, photo and IRL colors don't always match, plus the differences between each article of cloth, etc. etc. It's the best I can go by without spending hours hunting for the exact shade from dozens of pics.

As far as the colors of the UCP go... German feldgrau (1907 onwards) would've worked better, but at least the tan provides some disruption. The pattern's good, the army just fucked up the colors. Though on a personal note, all over brush pattern would've been far better.
Reply
:iconloyaltytotheend:
I forgot that you use stuff from camopedia.org. I will actually send them a message about it.

kamouflage.net's UCP colors are not accurate like I said before. I am in the process of communicating with the U.S. Army on the information regarding the EXACT colors of it.

The U.S. Army might have went with the desert all over brush if it wasn't for some dushbag career soldiers making decisions before the testing was complete.
Reply
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